显示目录

JavaScript 里格式化字符串

  • 引入: string-format.js
  • 使用:
    • 参数为对象: 'http://www.xtuer.com/article/{id}'.format({id: 123})
    • 参数为数组: 'http://www.xtuer.com/article/{0}'.format(123)

string-format.js

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/**
* 扩展了 String 类型,给其添加格式化的功能,替换字符串中 {placeholder} 或者 {0}, {1} 等模式部分为参数中传入的字符串
* 使用方法:
* 'I can speak {language} since I was {age}'.format({language: 'Javascript', age: 10})
* 'I can speak {0} since I was {1}'.format('Javascript', 10)
* 输出都为:
* I can speak Javascript since I was 10
*
* @param replacements 用来替换 placeholder 的 JSON 对象或者数组
*/
String.prototype.format = function(replacements) {
replacements = (typeof replacements === 'object') ? replacements : Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 0);
return formatString(this, replacements);
}
/**
* 替换字符串中 {placeholder} 或者 {0}, {1} 等模式部分为参数中传入的字符串
* 使用方法:
* formatString('I can speak {language} since I was {age}', {language: 'Javascript', age: 10})
* formatString('I can speak {0} since I was {1}', 'Javascript', 10)
* 输出都为:
* I can speak Javascript since I was 10
*
* @param str 带有 placeholder 的字符串
* @param replacements 用来替换 placeholder 的 JSON 对象或者数组
*/
var formatString = function (str, replacements) {
replacements = (typeof replacements === 'object') ? replacements : Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 1);
return str.replace(/\{\{|\}\}|\{(\w+)\}/g, function(m, n) {
if (m == '{{') { return '{'; }
if (m == '}}') { return '}'; }
return replacements[n];
});
};

test.html

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title></title>
<script src="string-format.js"></script>
<script>
console.log(formatString("I can speak {language} since I was {age}", {language: 'Javascript', age: 10}));
console.log(formatString("I can speak {0} since I was {1}",'Javascript', 10));
console.log('I can speak {language} since I was {age}'.format({language: 'Javascript', age: 10}));
console.log('I can speak {0} since I was {1}'.format('Javascript', 10));
console.log('Unreplaced {{id}}'.format(123));
</script>
</head>
<body>
</body>
</html>

输出

I can speak Javascript since I was 10
I can speak Javascript since I was 10
I can speak Javascript since I was 10
I can speak Javascript since I was 10
Unreplaced {id}